Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a fertility disorder that is prone to occur in women of childbearing age. This condition causes hormones in a woman’s body to be unbalanced due to unknown factors. The typical symptoms of PCOS are irregular menstruation, increased levels of male hormones (androgens), and the appearance of many cysts in the ovaries. The following are the most common treatment options at Gynae Singapore for people with PCOS.
Before determining which PCOS treatment is best for you, your doctor will first ask your medical history. The question can include changes in body weight and menstrual cycles during this time. The physical examination then includes checks of hair growth where they should not be, excessive acne, and insulin resistance. The growth of downy hair on the body and the appearance of pimples on PCOS sufferers is caused by the increase in androgen hormones.
If the symptoms that appear are suspected as signs of PCOS, the doctor will proceed with a pelvic examination, blood test, and ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. If necessary, you will also be screened for symptoms of depression and anxiety, screening for symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, as well as blood pressure testing, glucose tolerance, cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels at regular intervals.
After the diagnosis is established, the following treatment options for dealing with PCOS:
1. Change lifestyle
Your doctor will generally recommend that you change your habits first days as an initial treatment for PCOS. These changes will usually focus on a healthier diet to maintain the ideal body weight. People with PCOS are recommended to limit the consumption of fatty foods and high in sugar. We recommend that you multiply the consumption of fibrous foods because these foods increase sugar levels slowly. In addition to changing diet, exercise also needs to be routinely done to control blood sugar and insulin levels in the body.
2. Consumption of fertility drugs
For women with PCOS who want to become pregnant, doctors may prescribe special drugs to trigger ovulation such as clomiphene and letrozole. If this treatment does not work, your doctor may recommend an injection of a hormone called gonadotropin for PCOS women who are planning to become pregnant.